Famine

In Somalia there is a great famine.  There is a famine when more than 30 percent of the population is undernourished and two people per 10,000 inhabitants daily die from malnutrition. The last half year there seemed nothing to have changed. There still dying 50 000 to 100 000 people because international aid came too late. 4 million people still need help. Especially women and children are the victims.

At this moment, it is the worst drought in sixty years, because the political instability and the continuing war in Somalia, 12 million people are in danger. For two rain seasons it didn’t rained and it looks as if the drought persists. When it does rain it is in too large quantities so that the fertile soil is washed away. Especially rice cultivation, many hundreds of millions of people depend on it, is sensitive to climate change. A rise in average temperature by one degree Celsius downs the harvest yield  by 10 percent.
Due to the global warming it looks like nothing much will change for Somalia in the future. Even Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Uganda suffer. There is an urgent need for water, food, medical aid and care facilities.

World leaders must urgently do work on a new climate agreement. This climate agreement  was agreed at the end of 2009 at a major climate conference in Copenhagen. according to Oxfam, rich countries must reduce their emissions by 2020 reduce by with 40 percent compared with the levels in 1990. That’s a lot more than the European Union, the United States and Japan have pledged so far. Oxfam asks the G8 leaders to set up a fund to help poor countries adapt to climate change. This would require 150 billion per year. It ended without an agreement on legal measures against further global warming. It was agreed that a fund is established for poor countries facing the consequences of climate change. In the early period from 2010 to 2012, rich countries gathered $ 30 billion (21 billion) in deposits.

Would reduce emissions effectively have a major impact on the drought prevailing in the countries where help is needed? This is already a big step where the whole world can work on in a positive way and thus help those countries, so their crops can grow back and reduces hunger.

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One Response to Famine

  1. Bart Minne says:

    The effects of global warming will indeed increase the frequency of famine, especially in poor countries.
    Copenhagen 2009 was a failure, nations with the highest emission (US and China) are reluctant to even accept that global warming is happening. Therefore they are unwilling to take measures against it. Reducing emissions is only successful if every country does it part, because no country wants to spend millions/billions on something that another country completely ignores. This is why I believe that before a worldwide agreement will be found things have to become much worse.
    More than a century ago the developed countries started to develop heavy industry, at this point intense pollution started. These countries greatly benefited from their industry, resulting in great economic success. No developing countries like China and India are doing the same, can we blame them?
    They need for reducing the emissions is high but without everyone on board things will have to chance for the worse before worldwide actions will be taken. For now we depend on single initiatives.
    In my opinion the only way a green idea can work is when it becomes profitable. In that case charity is not longer needed, unfortunately, such an idea doesn’t exist yet.

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