February 14, 2012 1 Comment
In Somalia there is a great famine. There is a famine when more than 30 percent of the population is undernourished and two people per 10,000 inhabitants daily die from malnutrition. The last half year there seemed nothing to have changed. There still dying 50 000 to 100 000 people because international aid came too late. 4 million people still need help. Especially women and children are the victims.
At this moment, it is the worst drought in sixty years, because the political instability and the continuing war in Somalia, 12 million people are in danger. For two rain seasons it didn’t rained and it looks as if the drought persists. When it does rain it is in too large quantities so that the fertile soil is washed away. Especially rice cultivation, many hundreds of millions of people depend on it, is sensitive to climate change. A rise in average temperature by one degree Celsius downs the harvest yield by 10 percent.
Due to the global warming it looks like nothing much will change for Somalia in the future. Even Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Uganda suffer. There is an urgent need for water, food, medical aid and care facilities.
World leaders must urgently do work on a new climate agreement. This climate agreement was agreed at the end of 2009 at a major climate conference in Copenhagen. according to Oxfam, rich countries must reduce their emissions by 2020 reduce by with 40 percent compared with the levels in 1990. That’s a lot more than the European Union, the United States and Japan have pledged so far. Oxfam asks the G8 leaders to set up a fund to help poor countries adapt to climate change. This would require 150 billion per year. It ended without an agreement on legal measures against further global warming. It was agreed that a fund is established for poor countries facing the consequences of climate change. In the early period from 2010 to 2012, rich countries gathered $ 30 billion (21 billion) in deposits.
Would reduce emissions effectively have a major impact on the drought prevailing in the countries where help is needed? This is already a big step where the whole world can work on in a positive way and thus help those countries, so their crops can grow back and reduces hunger.